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A few observations on PRINCE2

December 30, 2013 Comments off

I recently attended a PRINCE2 Foundation and Practitioner course, and have offered some thoughts on my experience of it. Here are a few thoughts on PRINCE2 itself that struck me while I was thinking about my role as a Project Manager, in no particular order:

Not as inflexible as I thought. PRINCE2 has a reputation for rigid adherence to process and for generating lots of documents. Maybe that reputation was earned by earlier flavours of PRINCE2, for the current version allows flexibility and the manual has a section on tailoring. Where I thought my recent practices might not follow the PRINCE2 standard, I discussed them with the instructor who nearly always took the view that it was an acceptable use of tailoring.

Continuous Business Justification. My business users have been consistently poor at this through my career to date. As a rule they produce an initial Business Case produced to obtain funding but rarely revisit it between stages or when there is a significant change, unless more funding is required. They have been especially weak when dealing with change within a stage; some strange decisions are taken about functional changes when a quick benefits analysis would show that money could be better spent elsewhere.

Risks include Opportunities. The Risk Theme also includes the concept of Opportunity, defined as an uncertain event that could have a favourable impact on objectives. I can’t recall ever considering this aspect formally in a project, either as a supplier or on behalf of the client.

Lessons aren’t Learned. Like most people I have dutifully recorded lessons at the end of projects (and also as we go along) but what happens afterwards? In PRINCE2 the start of a project should include consideration of relevant Lessons Learned from previous projects. I haven’t seen this take place other than anecdotally based on the experience of the individuals involved. I’m sure I wouldn’t know how to go about finding applicable lessons within my own organisation, and I haven’t seen any evidence of it within the client organisations I have known well over the years. The other area where we could also do better is to review our own project performance more often, at the completion of key stages. Again, this is something that happens erratically, usually because we’re too busy to do it at the time.

Manage by Exception. A key principle of PRINCE2, to ensure management focus is where it needs to be. A tolerance (in time, money or both) is set for each work package, and as soon as it looks as if it might be exceeded the team leader responsible should raise it as an exception to his manager. This may not affect the overall project tolerance, in which case the manager need not take it further. Although my internal management tends to work on this basis, I can’t say that my client managers have adopted this principle very often, too much man-marking goes on….

One quibble. We don’t usually have a Quality Register (rightly?) As defined in PRINCE2 the Quality Register lists all checks that are planned, and as they take place is updated with the date and outcome of each quality check. Almost all the projects I have worked on over the years have carried out the checks themselves – which are planned properly (scheduled in the Project Plan and described in the Quality Plan), and results are duly recorded – but I don’t recall working on a project that had a central Quality Register. Dare I say it, but I think this is appropriate as I see a register adding little value but a lot of effort to maintain it. When I brought this up on the course it generated quite a bit of discussion. We thought there was probably a benefit in safety-critical projects (aviation, defence) but for normal work having an entry in the plan was sufficient.

A PM wears more than one hat. Is a supplier PM a PRINCE2 Project Manager, or a Team Manager? Of course, the answer is “it depends, …” Often, we might fill both roles simultaneously – as well as being a PM from a supplier perspective we are also the Team Manager from the Client’s perspective at the same time. This significantly alters the view we might take of what is required of us.

Overall, PRINCE2 provides a framework to use to save re-inventing the wheel; as a proven and widely recognised standard it can easily be sold to an organisation. As an experienced PM, I was pleased to find little that was new or that I don’t already do. My experience of the clients I have worked for over the years is that they are less methodical – perhaps that’s why they rely on external consultants so often.

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Course review – PRINCE2 Foundation and Practitioner (QA)

November 28, 2013 2 comments

I recently attended this week-long course run by QA. If you are thinking of attending it or a course like it, I hope that by sharing a few thoughts it may help you decide whether to attend it too. My view of the course is coloured by being an experienced Project Manager, so some of what I say may be less relevant if you are looking to move up into Project Management.

Why go?

My motivation for taking the course was simply to get a “tick in the box”. Many organisations expect it and I wanted to obtain the formal qualification as quickly and painlessly as possible. I had some prior experience of working on projects that were operating within a PRINCE2 framework (on an older version), but I knew I had gaps in my knowledge of the formal process and terminology.

The provider was determined by my employer – however I know that other training companies also offer similar courses and I expect they are not very different.

Course format and content

The course is very focussed on passing the exams, not learning PRINCE2, and should be judged accordingly! It assumes both some Project Management experience and that you have read the pre-learning material. It is split into two parts, covering each accreditation level, which can be taken independently of each other, although in fact all course delegates on my particular course stayed for the full week (as is usual). The first two days cover the Foundation level and the remaining three the Practitioner level, each ending with the official exam.

The format of each part of the week followed the same pattern. We were taken through each of the Themes and Processes in turn to the level of detail necessary to pass the exam, and then tried out a set of practice questions. The Foundation exam focusses more on the Themes, whereas the Practitioner exam looks at both Themes and Processes at the same level of detail. The good news is that the Practitioner exam is “open book”, which means that although there is more ground to cover, you only have to remember where to look for the detail in the official manual. The bad news is that each night (apart from after the Foundation exam on the Tuesday) there is homework to do, in the form of a second set of practice questions reinforcing the material covered during the day.

The middle of the week provided a welcome break when we all shared our own experiences of project management: where we felt our existing practice fell short of the PRINCE2 principles, or where adopting its practices might help us in future. We had some lively discussions.

My one real criticism of the course is that I didn’t like the format of the pre-learning. It was on-line only, so I couldn’t do it on the train, and annoyingly I had to wait for the voice to read out the words on the slides before being able to move on, which is one of my pet hates. I read a book (PRINCE2 Study Guide, by David Hinde) instead, which I had already bought before the official pre-reading came through, and which suited my learning style better – I recommend this book for anyone looking to study by themselves.

So, was it worth going?

If you want to gain the PRINCE2 as quickly as possible then – Yes. It would help if you have prior project management experience, but it isn’t essential.

If you are a relatively inexperienced Project Manager and are looking to study PRINCE2 from scratch as a way to learn project management, this is probably not the best way to do it.

With the benefit of hindsight I could probably have got away with just taking the exams after reading up, but actually I found the course useful as a refresher on good practice in general. The course’s cramming style suited me personally; it would have taken me a lot longer to cover the same ground in my spare time or one evening a week and I would have been more likely to forget some of the content by the time of the exam. I was very tired by the end of the week though!

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